The Make-up Of a Formula 1 Car
In the most fundamental sense, a Formula 1 car isn’t too different from the cars you see driving on the roads every day. It’s made up of the same basic parts: an engine, a chassis, a transmission, breaks, and suspension. But where most modern cars have spacious boots, air conditioning, sound systems, and a large cabin, Formula 1 vehicles can’t afford to have any of those luxuries. Every one of them is built for two main reasons: speed and handling. This means shedding as much weight as possible to allow the cars to not only gain tremendous speeds, but to also hold steady on a more difficult track.
The competition in Formula 1 racing is fierce, and much like online pokies NZ, everyone wants to be a winner. Each company and team that takes place in tournaments around the world are endlessly attempting to make their cars faster than the others. This means that over the last few decades, there has been some incredible refinement to the vehicles, shaping them into the machines we know so well today. This all starts and ends with two main parts of any Formula 1 car: the engine and chassis. These have seen the most refinement over the years, allowing the cars to attain the speeds they need on the track in as quick a time as possible.
The internal combustion engine has seen some major changes over the last 100 years, and today’s iteration is more powerful than ever, especially the kinds of engines that we’d generally find in a Formula 1 car. For many of these cars, the average horsepower they’re producing is around 900, although this can vary depending on the car. To put that into perspective, the more powerful road cars we see every day has horsepower that hovers around 150 to 200. For most modern performance cars on the Formula 1 track, a 2.4 litre V8 is used, due a rule change in 2008. Before that, engines mainly consisted of more powerful 3 litre V10s.
All that power, and the amount of heat that a Formula one engine produces means that the average lifespan of one is just a few hundred miles until they need to be completely replaced.
While the engine is under the hood and doesn’t make too much difference to the average spectator, the chassis is what makes Formula 1 cars so unique. Built to shed as much weight as possible while also allowing for aerodynamics and protecting the driver, the chassis is what keeps the entire thing together.
Modern chassis are built from a composite of carbon fibre and aluminium mesh, giving both rigidity, strength, but also a lighter weight. The main chassis is made from a single piece of material as opposed to being built piece-by-piece, which is why a Formula 1 chassis is completed with monocoque construction.
There’s nothing quite like watching Formula 1 race, and now that you know how they work, you can appreciate just how much engineering goes into the cars we see on the track.